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Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone.

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Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Practical implications The culture of collective leadership is not a sole cultural factor that creates success for the institution. Bibliography Definition Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise. Additional Problems to Avoid In addition to understanding the use of specialized language, there are other aspects of academic writing in the social sciences that you should be aware of. Schools can be classified with respect to gender, ethnicity, curriculum and social status. Improve Your Writing Skills. You should, therefore, state the strengths of your arguments confidently, using language that is neutral, not confrontational or dismissive. It describes the factors determining the culture of collective leadership that in return creates success for the organization. The sample size in the current study was also gathered without stratification of the population. If the quote is especially vague or hard to understand, consider paraphrasing it or using a different quote to convey the same meaning. This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e.

However, the content of your paper should focus on methodology, the analysis and interpretation of findings, and their implications as they apply to the research problem rather than background information and descriptions of tangential issues.

Given this, the question you should ask yourself while proofreading is: why begin with a list in the first place rather than just starting with systematic analysis of each item arranged in separate paragraphs?

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This is particularly important when proposing solutions to problems or delineating recommended courses of action. Describing a research problem is an important means of contextualizing a study. Therefore, use concrete words [not general] that convey a specific meaning. Schools can be classified with respect to gender, ethnicity, curriculum and social status. This will provoke the creative thinking among employees. The research objective was to identify the set of conditions that extend support to the development of collective leadership culture in the school work environment. Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone.

When writing, avoid problems associated with opaque writing by keeping in mind the following: 1. Take the time to learn the major and minor points of good grammar.

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Use personal experience only as an example, though, because academic writing relies on evidence-based research. The underlying variables were explored through the past literature; therefore, EFA was also undertaken to validate the relationship between scale items and manifest independent variables of the hypothesized construct. Personal experience. The act of thinking about precedes the process of writing about. In fact, some description or background information may be needed because you can not assume the reader knows everything about the topic. Additional Problems to Avoid In addition to understanding the use of specialized language, there are other aspects of academic writing in the social sciences that you should be aware of. Descriptive writing. These words can be interpreted as being used only to avoid presenting empirical evidence about the research problem. As a writer, you must adopt the role of a good teacher by summarizing a lot of complex information into a well-organized synthesis of ideas, concepts, and recommendations that contribute to a better understanding of the research problem. These practices include shared vision among employees, commitment to achieving the common goal, and collaboration and teamwork. The present school improvement framework of Dubai School Inspection Board DSIB does not include cultural factors such as collective leadership, which is, according to many researchers, a leading factor of the operational efficiency and sustainable growth. Writing detailed outlines can help you clearly organize your thoughts. This is particularly important when proposing solutions to problems or delineating recommended courses of action. Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem.

It should be an objective stance presented as a logical argument. You need to support your opinion with evidence from scholarly sources.

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What is my thesis or purpose statement? Social implications This study will help organizations in other sector and industry as well, especially in service industry including financial institutions, higher education, etc. Avoid using terms whose meaning you are unsure of--don't just guess or assume!

academic paper example

The past literature was explored to identify three manifest variables as determinants of the culture of collective leadership in the organization.

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Research Paper Example