The subjects feel capable of creating own truths and beliefs—their own customised goods—independent of values that in other times seemed unquestionable.
Citizens are now masters and authors of their own informative environment.
It is not that lies will now be accepted as truth, and truth is defamed as lies, but that the sense by which we take our bearings in the real world.
It is not that lies will now be accepted as truth, and truth is defamed as lies, but that the sense by which we take our bearings in the real world—and the category of truth versus falsehood is among the mental means to this end—is being destroyed.
It behoves on the educational policy planner to check whether action on the ground—policies, plans, programmes, strategies and practices—is in harmony with the societal vision of the good life.
Educational aims, after all, emerge out of an image of the human individual and a vision of the good life and ideal society, as these are conceived from time to time. We value education not just for its extraneous benefits to the society, but also because we consider it as something that is good in itself.
It is precisely here that the problem lies. In our zealous appreciation of its social and economic returns and linkage with development, we should not lose sight of the values of justice, liberty, equality and respect for the dignity of the human individual that constitute the moral foundation of the envisioned social order.
The third rule recommends that we concentrate our efforts on areas in which we can offer opinions with clarity, justification and conviction in the same way that one acquires scientific knowledge. This is because these ideas do not appear in their bubble, or if they do, it is to discredit them.
With the aim of fine-tuning our knowledge, it is worth going through the conclusions one by one, as well as all together. Nonetheless, it obtains its meaning, its cognitive force, from its additional, essential connection with truth: it is directed towards truth, towards the way the world is.
They are now replaced with short effective phrases and suggestive images as new formulae that stimulate emotional strains and that target fear and irony. There is no exposure to ideas that differ from their own standpoint regarding any general interest subject.