English names in latin writing alphabet
An enormous quantity of medieval Latin literature was produced in a variety of different styles ranging from the scholarly works of Irish and Anglo-Saxon writers to simple tales and sermons for a wider audience. Modern Latin was used by the Roman Catholic Church until the mid 20th century and is still used to some extent, particularly in the Vatican City, where it is one of the official languages.
Lost variants such as r rotundaligatures and scribal abbreviation marks are omitted, long s is shown when no terminal s surviving variant is present.
A more formal style of writing was based on Roman square capitalsbut cursive was used for quicker, informal writing.
J is a variant of I and was first used during the 16th century by Petrus Ramus. It was largely replaced by written versions of the vernacular languages of Europe, many of which are descendants of Latin or have been heavily influenced by it.
Vietnamunder French rule, adapted the Latin alphabet for use with the Vietnamese language, which had previously used Chinese characters.
Digraphs and trigraphs A digraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
After the Norman Conquest the letter W became more popular and had replaced Wynn by Africanists have standardized these into the African reference alphabet.
Iso basic latin alphabet
Several scripts coexisted such as half-uncial and uncial , which derive from Roman cursive and Greek uncial , and Visigothic , Merovingian Luxeuil variant here and Beneventan. In the late eighteenth century, the Romanians adopted the Latin alphabet; although Romanian is a Romance language, the Romanians were predominantly Orthodox Christians, and until the nineteenth century the Church used the Cyrillic alphabet. During the 15th century, Latin began to lose its dominant position as the main language of scholarship and religion throughout Europe. Most of the rest of Asia used a variety of Brahmic alphabets or the Chinese script. Main articles: Carolingian minuscule , Insular script , and Uncial The lower case minuscule letters developed in the Middle Ages from New Roman Cursive writing, first as the uncial script, and later as minuscule script. Latin was the language of the area known as Latium modern Lazio , and Rome was one of the towns of Latium. They were made by adding diacritics to existing letters, by joining multiple letters together to make ligatures, by creating completely new forms, or by assigning a special function to pairs or triplets of letters. The use of the letters I and V for both consonants and vowels proved inconvenient as the Latin alphabet was adapted to Germanic and Romance languages. Spread of the Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet spread from Italy , along with the Latin language , to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages the Latin alphabet also came into use among the peoples speaking West Slavic languages, including the ancestors of modern Poles, Czechs, Croats, Slovenes, and Slovaks, as these peoples adopted Roman Catholicism; the speakers of East Slavic languages generally adopted both Orthodox Christianity and the Cyrillic alphabet. Ecclesiastical Church Latin pronunciation Doubled vowels are pronunced separately. The consistent use of w developed in the early Middle English period, during the 12th to 13th centuries.
Many of the letters have serveral different shapes in different inscriptions and texts. The rules for capitalization have changed over time, and different languages have varied in their rules for capitalization.
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