An analysis of the ancient greece
Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy analysis
Slightly dated, but useful survey. Paul Millett, a student of Finley, not surprisingly argues in his book, Lending and Borrowing in Ancient Athens, that bankers did not loan out other peoples money for interest and he formulates a model in which lending and borrowing were predominantly done for consumptive purposes and, therefore, thoroughly embedded in traditional social relations. Thus, one recent trend in the scholarship has been to try to revise the Finley model in light of focused studies of particular sectors of the economy at specific times and places. States minted coins not to facilitate economic transactions among their citizens, but merely for state purposes so that, for example, it had a convenient medium through which to collect taxes or make state expenditures. Ancient Greek city-states regulated the economic activities that took place in their markets to a certain degree. Artisans are referred to in the Homeric epics and the level of craftsmanship seen on items, such as metal work and painted pottery, was not likely to have been accomplished by non-specialists. Anyone could become a slave if unfortunate enough, including Greeks. Poems and dramas also contain evidence concerning the ancient Greek economy. There are three passages in which Aristotle directly refers to geometrical analysis. You feel as if your mouth has exploded with the best flavors you have ever tried. Markets and Prices According to the Finley model, there was no network of interconnected markets to form a price-setting market economy in the ancient Greek world. A collection of articles on the use of money and coinage in ancient Greece. Trade was limited mostly to local exchanges between the countryside and the urban center of city-states. Not only were the olives cultivated on state-controlled lands by peasant labor, but the oil was extracted by contracted labor and sold at the retail level by licensed dealers at fixed prices. A brief and highly readable survey of the early Archaic period.
That analysis includes both transformation and resolution has been noted by a number of commentators see esp. In most cases they were probably captives from internecine tribal wars and sold to slave traders who shipped them to various parts of the Greek world.
To this extent, then, the Finley model holds true, even if it is clear that the Athenian state recognized that its interests were complementary with those of foreign traders and, thus, had to help them in order to help itself.
A life on the land, farming to produce only so much as was needed for consumption and leaving enough leisure time for active participation in the public life of the polis, was the social ideal.
Thus, we see greatly increased government control over the economy, as evidenced most strikingly in the surviving papyrus records of the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled Egypt.
The Greeks also had a Christian Orthodox church they used. Technology was not applied as much as it might have been to increase production.
An analysis of the ancient greece
The degree of specialization varied. Moreover, gift exchanges in accordance with social traditions were as prominent if not more so than impersonal exchanges for profit. Chiefly because of the need for certain imports, such as grain and timber, and for revenue drawn from taxes on trade, many cities did have an interest and involvement in overseas trade. Stone for building and sculpture was another valuable natural resource of Greece. The treatment of chattel slaves varied, depending on the whims of individual slave owners and the types of jobs done by the slaves. Schaps, David M. On the other hand, the great temples of ancient Greece required much organization, many resources, and incredible technical skill.
The most famous passage occurs in the Nicomachean Ethics III, 3in which Aristotle compares reasoning about the means to a given end to analysis in geometry [ Quotation ]. A classic that greatly influenced Hasebroek and Finley.
Athens also instituted special courts to expedite the adjudication of disputes involving traders, granted honors and privileges to anyone who performed extraordinary services relating to trade for the city, and made agreements with other states to obtain favorable conditions for those bringing grain to Athens.
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